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Vocational Higher Secondary Schools

Knowledge driven growth requires education systems that develop the highly skilled, flexible human capital needed to compete in global markets. The conventional approach to education is from a social welfare perspective, in which education is directly linked to human well-being and social development. It facilitates individuals’ access to productive employment and enables them to live a respectable life contributing substantiality to the welfare of society. Kerala Vocational Higher Secondary Education emphasizes on Professional, Vocational and Workplace, the major three aspects of learning
Vocational Higher Secondary Education had a humble beginning in Kerala in 1983-84. To start with, the scheme was implemented in 19 schools with a few selected courses and was extended to 73 schools in 1985-86 offering 27 different vocational courses. In 1988-89 there were 100 schools with a total of 200 batches. The programme continued to expand every year until 1995-96 and the number of schools went up to 310 with a total of 814 batches offering 45 different courses.
The next expansion came in 2000-01 and the number of schools went up to 375 with a total of 1000 batches. At present, there are 389 schools with 1100 batches in the state imparting Vocational Higher Secondary Education in 35 restructured courses with modernized curriculum. Of the 389 schools, 128 schools are in the private aided sector and 261 are in the government sector.

Career Guidance

Career guidance and counselling programs aim to help students make more informed and better educational and career choices. Among other things, programs offer information on Vocational higher Secondary school course offerings, career options, the type of academic and occupational training needed to succeed in the workplace, and post secondary opportunities that are associated with their field of interest.
Programs also often provide teachers, administrators, and parents with information they can use to support students’ career exploration and post secondary educational opportunities. Recognizing the importance of career guidance and counselling programs for student’s post secondary success, the Vocational Higher Secondary Education Department plays a key role in supporting State’s efforts to build and implement the career guidance and counselling activities.

On the Job Training

On-the-Job Training (OJT) and Integration of Knowledge and Skills During the transaction of the vocational courses, a continuous integration of knowledge and skills take place in the schools. It, however, needs to be augmented through On-the-Job Training (OJT) and project work.
In order to be enriched with practical experience, the students are taken to a service centre or repair centre or production unit to work in a real life situation under the guidance of an expert practitioner.There must, therefore, be provision for On-the-Job Training (OJT) for certain number of hours for every vocational course. The students may be evaluated jointly by the teacher and the expert practitioner. Students are to be given project work to be done individually or in small groups. It will help them consolidate their learning, learn to communicate, and achieve the time target.